有用GRAMMAR - IDIOM
Idiomatic Expressions for Writing
Mistakes are often made with the small words (prepositions) that you
to use after many verbs in English: for example for in 'wait for a bus'
for in 'deprive somebody of something'. This is a very common testing point
in Section C of the exam - in cloze and proofreading exercises.
1.above all 最重要者：
especially, most importantly
In choosing one's career, one should consider his aptitudes (學能) academic
background, and above all his interest
2.according to 根據：
in relation to, corresponding to
We must be ready to modify (改變) our plan according to new changes in
3.an Achilles' heel 致命錯誤或弱點：
weakness or fault that is fatal
Dishonesty is an Achilles' heel of a politician. Once discovered, his career
will be severely jeopardised (嚴重被危害).
4.after all 不要忘記：
Married women should not be so eager to pursue (追求) their career. After
all, rearing (養育) a family is an important and formidable (艱巨) task.
5.against all odds 排除萬難：
despite strong opposition or disadvantage
Against all odds, he managed to swim to the shore after shipwreck(艱巨).
6.against a rainy day 未雨綢繆：
In anticipation of hard times
The habit of saving something against a rainy day is almost unheard of
young people as they see the value of such saving continuously eroded (侵蝕)
7.ahead of / in advance of one's times 前衛：
Basically deviants (不合常規或慣例的人) are those who are ahead of their
time and therefore are not accepted by their contemporaries (同時期的人).
8.ahead of time/schedule 比預期早：
The highway was completed nearly two months ahead of time/schedule.
9.air one's vlew/opinlon 發表個人意見：
There are/exist several channels (渠道/途徑) for citizens to air their
10.all being well 一切順利：
if nothing goes wrong
No one will doubt that Hong Kong, all being well, wig continue to
11.all but 除了…其餘：
All but four of the boys in A. Yiu's class passed their public examinations.
12.all day and every day 不停地：
In the last few months before examinations, Wendy studied all day and every
day in order to attain a better result.
13.all ears/eyes 全神貫注：
attentive by listening or looking closely
When the teacher came to the most important part of the lecture, the students
were all ears and eyes lest (恐怕) they missed the main.
14.all in all 總括來說：
all things considered
All in all, Peteris not so unreliable as he appears to be.
15.all that gilsters is not gold 外表的美麗或價值是不可靠的
Don't be taken in (受騙)by his appearance. All that glisters is not gold.
16.all of a sudden:
suddenly, unexpectedly, in a spilt second
All of a sudden, Mary scurried (疾走) out of he classroorn.
17.all the same 雖然如此
There was no news; she Fenton hoping all the same.
18.all things considered 總括來說：
all in all
All things considered, I still prefer to live in the New Territories.
19.all thumbs 笨拙：
clumsy in handling things
I was all thumbs yesterday, since I broke everything I touched.
20.all work and no play 只有工作，沒有娛樂：
All work and no play isn'tgood for anyone.
21.so on and so forth 諸如此類：
In order to succeed, we need patience, diligence, persistence, and so on
and so forth.
22. anybody's guess 沒有肯定答案：
Who murdered the child is anybody's guess.
23. anything but 絕對不是：
He is anything but considerate.
24. around/round the clock 不停地：
The deadline (限期) is tight so he has to work around / round fire
25. (as) bilnd as a bat 瞎眼：
unable to see something that is obvious to others
I am as blind as a bat without my glasses.
26. (as) busy as a bee 非常忙碌：
very busy, fully occupied
John is as busy as a bee, preparing for the examination.
27. as chance will/would have it 巧合：
I'm going to New York myself tomorrow as chance will have it, so
we can travel together.
28. (as) clean as a new pin 非常潔淨：
Mary is a cleanliness fanatic (潔癖的人) ;she keeps her house as
a new pin.
29. (as) cool as a cucumber 冷靜：
Not many people can stay/keep as cool as a cucumber in an emergency
30. (as) cunning as a fox 非常狡猾：
There is a good deal of foul play (不法事) in the property business (地產行業).
The people involved are cunning as a fox.
31. as far as I can see 依我的判斷：
in my judgement
As far as I can see, war within the next twenty years is inevitable
32. as far as I am concerned 依我而言：
As far as I am considered, there isn't a shadow of a doubt (毫無疑問) that
wide gap between the rich the poor is the main cause for the increasing
33. as for 至於：
with reference to
As for you chances of passing the examination, I'm afraid they are
34. (as) like as two peas 非常相似：
very similar in appearance
To the layman 's eye (在外行眼中), the two vases are as like as two
35. as/so long as 只要：
Loving you is easy so long as it doesn't last.
36. as a matter of fact 事實上：
the fact is that
As a matter of fact, politicians always say things which they don't
37. as one/you might say 或許下可以這樣說：
I don't mean I disagree with you. I just believe your idea
can be improved,
as you might say.
38. as much as to say 就等於話：
She was staring at him with her round eyes as much as to say, 'you
gone too far.'
39. as obstinate/stubborn as a mule 非常固執：
You cannot reason with him (與他說道理); he is as stubborn as a mule.
40. as a rule 常常：
We don't as a rule give discounts customers, but are willing to make an
exception (例外) in your case.
41. (as) sound as a bell 非常健壯：
in good physical condition
My grandfather is over ninety but is still as sound as a bell.
42. as alwayslever/usual 像慣常的：
John was again late for school today, as always/ever/usual.
43. at all costs 無論要付出任何代價：
Since we are just animals, our business is to survive at all costs.
44. at all events 無論怎樣：
in any case, whatever happens
At all events, we should stick to our principles (原則) and should not
easily yield to pressure (屈服於壓力).
45. at one's (own) discretion 由某人決定：
The personnel manager (人事部經理) can employ anyone at his own
46. at the eleventh hour 最後一刻：
at the last minute
At the eleventh hour, candidates outside the examination centre were still
looking through their notes.
47. at the expense of 犧牲了：
It is sad to see that our society prospers at the expense of the
48. at face value it 表面價值：
We should not take things at their face value. We have to study them
carefully before we accept them.
49. at first sight/glance 未加研究：
At first sight/glance, the problem seemed insoluble (不能解決), but we
a solution after careful study.
50. at full speed 全速：
After the thieves got into their getaway car, they left the scene
51. at large 總括來說：
People at large long for peace when they are satisfied with their
52. at the outset 最初：
In the beginning period (of something)
At the outset of his career John had met with (上週) many difficulties.
53. at short notice 坦白地說：
In advertising company, everything is in a rush, and one should expect
changes at short notice.
54. bad news travels 醜事傳千里：
No sooner had the examination results been released than everybody knew
failed. Bad news travels fast.
55. to be frank/honest 坦白地說：
I should think to be frank/honest, Igave more than I took in my
relationship with her.
56. be nobody s business 與人無關：
How I lead my life is nobody's business.
57. be nobodys fool 聰明：
When it comes to businesses (講到生意), she is nobody's fool.
58. be so goodikind as to:
Would you be so good/kind as to help me open this door
59. to be sure:
To be sure, reading more is more important than writing more in learning
60. be tantamount to 一樣，相同：
be virtually the same as
In some cases, parental neglect (父母的疏忽) is tantamount to cruelty.
61. beauty is but/only skin deep 外表美麗不重要：
Even though beauty is but/only skin deep, most people feel more comfortable
with pretty women than ugly ones.
62. behind somebody's back 在人背後：
They enjoyed talking about John behind his back, telling stories that even
they knew were exaggerated.
63. believe it or not 信不信由你：
Believe it or not most English teachers in Hong Kong don 't know anything
about phonetics (拼音法).
64. the best/worst of 最好/壞的是：
The best of being a teacher is the holidays he/she gets; The worst of it
is that he/she is comparatively low-paid.
65. better bad now than worse later 先苦後甜：
We should spend less and save more. Better bad now than worse later.
66. one s/the better half 妻子/丈夫：
Everyone admires John because his better half always stands by him.
67. better late than never 遲到好過無到：
All his friends encouraged John to get married even though he was 50. They
said, better late than never.'
68. worse still 更差是：
No one likes his new book. Worse still, many people openly criticise
69. the black sheep 羞恥：
In the past, divorced people were the black sheep of the society, but
nowadays, such social stigma has gradually disappeared.
70. a blue film 色情電影：
No one wili deny that the obscene (色情) message in some blue films can
great harm to young people.
71. a bolt from the blue 晴天霹靂：
The death news of his father came as a bolt from the blue.
72. break the news 告知
Amy and Peter rang up from Canada to break the news that they were
73. break the rules 犯規：
Peter is very naughty and keeps breaking file school rule.
74. break the ice 破僵局：
We wished John had been with us at the meeting. He would have been
to break the ice.
75. break the silence 打破沈默：
John was always the first one to break the silence in class discussion
others were just pretending to thinking.
76. break the barrier 驅除障礙：
Love and concern certainly can break the barrier between generations.
77. broaden/widen one's horizons 增加視野及知識：
One should travel more to broaden/widen one's horizons.
78. by all means 當然/最好不過：
of course, certainly, please do
x: I'll come straight to that point if I may.
y: By all means!
79. by and by 遲一些/將來：
in the near future after a little time
Things are bound to get better by and by.
80. by common consent 一致同意：
By common consent, all members of the trade union wig condude (結束)
their strike tomorrow.
81. by and large 一般而論：
on the whole, generally speaking
Hong Kong people by and large are hardworking and can adapt to
82. by the way/ by(e) 講開又講：
'... Thanks for telling me this. By the way/by(e), how do you know
I am at
83. by trial and error 嘗試與失敗：
By trial and error, the scientist finally discovered a new chemical
84. the calm before the storm 風暴前夕的寧靜：
She kept her composure (鎮定) while he was breaking the news. Seas
the calm before the storm.
85. change for the better/worse 轉好/壞：
Each innovation (改進) is a chhange for the better.
The amendment (修改) to the proposal is actually a change for the
86. change hands 易手：
The hotel has changed hands several times and is now better managed
87. the climate of opinion 民意氣候：
No politician can afford to go against the dimate of opinion; he
to dhange it
88. a close/narrow shave 有驚無險：
John witnessed an armed robbery and was almost shot by the cold-blooded
robbers. It was such a dose shave.
89. common ground 共通點：
a basis for shared interests
Since Peter and Mary have sufficient common ground, they can be good
90. one's conscience picks one 良心發現：
His conscience packed him soon after he had cheated in the examination.
He pricks of conscience must have made him confess his sin to the
91. (sb) a fortune 極昂貴：
He has just bought a house which costs him a fortune. Since then,
92. couldn't care less 毫不在乎：
While everyone was complaining about the low pay rise, John couldn't care
less because he had already resigned.
93. court death 求死似的
He drives his car so fast and wildly as if he were Courting death.
94. crack a joke 說笑話：
John is never serious Even when something is going wrong, he will
aJoke or two.
95. a crash course 特快課程：
John is an impatientman. He is onlyinterestedin crash courses and think
that regular courses are too slow.
96. crocodile tears 佯裝的悲哀：
There is no use shedding a few Crocodile tears; everyone knows she is not
sorry for her deed (所作所為).
97. the crux of the problem 問題的情緒：
How to deter people form crimes is he crux of the problem So we need
impose stricter penalty on culprits (犯罪者).